Types of perms | How long does a perm last | Do Perms Damage Hair?

Different Types of Perms

Here are the different types of perms that you should have knowledge about:

  1. Beach Wave Perm
  2. Body Wave Perm
  3. Smoothing Perm
  4. Non-Damaging Perm

1. Beach Wave Perm

Beach waves are manageable, unfettered waves in your hair that are centered on the middle-lengths and the tips of the hair.

They are customarily dressed on long hair. If you want to carry beach wave hairdos, but you are bored of generating the waves with a hair curling iron or a hair curling rod or smooth iron all the time, then the beach wave perm will be the best choice for you.

Your hair impressionist will practice using extended rods and extended sections to generate the delicate, beachy pattern you like.

They will focus on the shift on the middle and edges of your hair. Also, there must be no slope at the scalp. It is a part of the entire new formation of beach wave perms for the population that loves simple waves.

Beach Wave Perm

2. Body Wave Perms

A body wave perm will suit any sort of haircut. For instance, if your hair seams lead to falling smooth and flat after a few hours, a body wave perm will preclude that from falling. It is perfect if your hair seems to go feeble and dull.

Your hairstylist will prefer the curling rod size that operates the best for your haircut, but generally, body wave perms are extremely light and wobbly.

One conventional body wave perm is known as a skip weave—your hairstylist will utilize a tail comb to twist out all other sections of your hair, and she will just glide the weaving segment around a curling rod. This gives a smooth and silky-looking surface.

Body Wave Perms

3. Smoothing Perm

Smoother free from Formaldehyde just like Matrix Opti Smooth smoothers are perfect for women who want to control or manage their curls that are too snug or too bulky, and it is also for women who wish to reduce frizzies.

There is a cool smoothing option that preserves your curl, and a hot temperature straightening alternative that smoothens your hair effectively. There is also a 3D Curl choice for notably curly hair that lessens curl size and evicts frizzes. You can buy Smoothing Perm products at Amazon:

4. Non-Damaging Perm

Generally, the most regularly used constituent in perming is thioglycolic acid. Thioglycolic acid is truly salt and is the reducing factor accountable for disrupting the disulfide bonds in your hair.

It accomplishes excellent but one of the principal problems is that it has a highly obnoxious odor. Furthermore, because of this very characteristic of perms, thioglycolic acid can be said as damaging.

Additionally, “thioglycolic acid-free” perms utilize an ingredient that is amino acid also known as cysteamine. Cysteamine also splits down the disulfide bonds in your hair.

This chemical substance does not have a powerful odor which is usually linked with thioglycolic acid but it is not as productive in creating permanent beach waves as thioglycolic acid perms. But this also means that this is less damaging.

Non-Damaging Perm

How Long do Perms last?

On an average, The Perms last for about 3 to 6 months. If you are choosing a home perming kit, then the perms will last up to 6 weeks.

The life of perms depends on factors like length of hair, hair volume, thickness, and hair quality.

Another important that decides the life of perms is the type of perms you are going for. For instance, perms can be in a spiral, straight, or digital form. These are some most common types of perms.

1. Straight perms:

Straight perms last up to 6 months based on hair’s thickness and aftercare. You must go for straight perms at a salon or by a professional as the process is a little complicated.

This is one type of perm that you can try at home too with the support of a professional perming solution kit.

2. Spiral perms:

Spiral perms last up to 6 months too provided you have given your hair proper nourishment and aftercare.

For instance, choosing the right hair care product, conditioner, and shampoo is essential. Ask your hair expert to suggest a few as per your hair type. A salon visit is necessary for spiral perms.

3. Digital perms:

Digital perms last up to one year with proper maintenance and care. However, be careful of choosing digital perm as the process involves high heat that can make the hair weak and brittle.

You may also be asked to leave the hair untied for at least a month to maintain the perms for longer. Digital perms have to be done by a professional only.

If you wish your perms to stay longer, you must follow certain precautions. Also, you can enjoy healthy perms for a long if you have done it at a salon or by a professional expert at home.

We also advise you to take a break of 2 weeks before you introduce your hair to any other treatment after perming regardless of the type of perms you have chosen. Also, avoid bleach, colors, and dyes on your hair until the perms settle for at least 2 weeks.

How can you make perms last longer?

Not following proper aftercare tips and instructions may put you in trouble for your hair. Your hair may become frizzy, brittle, dry, and dull. In some cases, it could be reversible damage too.

If you want your curls or perms to last longer, you need to follow some aftercare tips sincerely.

  • Trim your hair regularly: Hair growth stops the growth of curls in your hair. You must get your hair trimmed every 3 months for a perfect perm for long.
  • Avoid frequent hair washes: Frequent hair wash can break down your perms by reducing the natural oils on hair and scalp that are needed for curls to stay longer.
  • Think often about deep conditioning: The usual conditioner will not help your perms to get the nourishment they deserve. You need something with extra moisture and oils. Go for deep conditioning once or twice a week.
  • Improve your sleeping habits: You may have to wrap your hair with a silk scarf or use a smooth pillowcase to keep hair free from knots and tangles. Your perms need to be frizz-free. It will help your perms to stay with you longer than you expected.
  • Choose protein treatments: Your hair may lose proteins during and after the perm process. Choosing protein treatments with a combination of egg and yogurt or coconut milk and avocado will help.
  • Stay away from harsh chemicals and chemical treatments: We don’t have to discuss this in detail, do we? We know that harsh chemicals can not only destroy the perms but also prove to be bad for your hair.
  • Switch to a perm-friendly hairbrush: Switch to wide-toothed comb on wet hair and soft paddle brush on dry hair for knot-free perms.

What does a Perm do to your Hair?

A strong permanent wave in your hair or a “perm” utilizes chemical substances to make your ordinarily straight hair curled or curved. In the process of creating a beach wave type of perm, the hair is inserted into the hair curlers and a particular chemical matter is implemented.

This chemical substance destroys the natural hair bond which is known as disulfide bonds, which accommodate together with the hair’s keratin and, the protein that shapes up your hair.

Your hair is now loose and free to adopt the pattern of the curl. Another chemical substance known as the neutralizer (maximum times this is actually hydrogen peroxide) is appended to reverse the outcomes of the first chemical substance so that the waves stay seated.

Do Perms Damage Hair?

Beach Wave Perms can be resolute and harsh on your hair, there is also a possibility that perm may damage your hair.

If you conduct a beach wave perm operation too frequently, you may risk giving your hair a particularly parched and fragile look, which is the reason dermatologists advise having hair aids and services such as a perm on a rare and limited basis.

A beach wave perm can disrupt and destroy your hair when it is not executed or taken notice of accurately. It alters the synthetic constitutes of your hair to obtain that perfect curly or wavy nature.

With the help of a beach wave perm, you are not peeling it like bleach and executing your hair very flimsy, but a beach wave perm is continuing into the cuticle of the hair.


If all necessary precautions are taken, the right products are used, and more importantly, if you select an experienced and professional hairstylist, then there is a very low possibility of getting your hair damaged.

You need to be extra careful if you are perming hair at home to avoid any kind of damage to your hair while obtaining wavy hair.